Carrara Marble: features and origins

Carrara Marble, is a metamorphic rock made by calcium carbonate crystals, which have microscopic dimensions. This is a rock, similar to the largest coral reefs of tropical seas. In ancient times, the Romans, which quarries are still visible, made great use to transport it by boat, leaving from the port of Luni and therefore called this “The stone of Luni”. In the middle age, Carrara Marble was used mainly to build sacred temples, such as the cathedrals, In Italy. During the Renaissance, the artist sculptor Michelangelo Buonarroti, personally chose the blocks from quarries, for the creation of his sculptures. In addition, Carrara Marble is still used today for the conservation of the food, such as the famous “Lard of Colonnata” and mortars, where it is possible to obtain the “Genoese Pesto”, with basil, garlic and pine nuts. Due to the importance of Carrara Marble in the territory, there is in the city of Carrara the “Professional Institute for Industry and Handicraft of Marble”, which is able to give a specific qualification for workers in this sector. A fraction of marble extracted from the quarries of Carrara is worked by sculpture workshops in Massa, Pietrasanta and surrounding areas. Thi is a briefly presentation about Carrara Marble, that is known in the international and national market for its beauty and brightness.