Stone is culture
Matera is one of the oldest cities in the world whose territory holds evidence of human settlements from the Paleolithic and without interruption until today
The unique architecture of the Sassi di Matera tells the man’s ability to adapt perfectly to the environment and the natural environment, using masterly simple features such as the constant temperature of the excavated environments, the calcarenite itself of the rocky bank for the construction of houses outside land and the use of slopes for the control of water and meteorological phenomena.
The architectural structure consists of two systems, the one immediately visible made with the successive stratifications of houses, courtyards, ballotas, palaces, churches, vegetable gardens and gardens, and the internal and invisible at first sight made of cisterns, neviere, caves and tunnels. water control systems, systems essential for the life and wealth of the community.