The natural stone
The thermal and energetic efficiency represent a focal point in the design of houses (new construction or renovation) today. If an efficient insulation is one of the key points to achieve a high energy efficiency class, certainly equally important (if not more so, with regard to the daily experience of the inhabitants) it is the study of a suitable heating system.
Underfloor heating today seems to be the ideal solution for a modern house. Each type of material, however, adapts differently to this technological solution.
If we want to avoid discussing resins and other synthetic materials (which are perhaps less thermally insulating, but if not of the highest quality are likely to release vapors and odors with the plant in operation), the choice is restricted to the two natural materials for excellence: natural stone and parquet.
Note that wood is one of the best thermal insulators. In fact it is the worst thing to be placed on top of a slab radiant floor heating which is: we’d heat the screed, and then go hence stifle its radiant heating ability. Of course, everything is doable, but any wood flooring must be previously declared to the system designer. Ultimately, with the wooden floor the implant is increased in consideration of heat screening percentage given from the floor itself.
Once the heating is functioning, moreover, we have to maintain a temperature and humidity more or less constant, and will be appropriate to cover the floor with carpets or treatments to prevent cracking.
The natural stone suffers less of these problems. The Biancone Musicco, thanks to a low thermal resistance, allows a perfect radiant heating, even in case of temperature change more substantial. It also does not suffer from cracking or breakages, with the only precaution to foresee the joints of thermal expansion (calculated by those who design the plant) occasionally.